## Unleashing the Power Of Quantum Computing

### By Tom Seest

## Can Quantum Computing Change the Future?

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**Podcasts come in all forms – news and education, health and fitness, comedy and fiction. But all podcasts share one thing in common: people want to be entertained! Scientists and engineers anticipate quantum computers as being capable of solving issues beyond the capacity of current supercomputers to approach. Furthermore, quantum computers could help us gain greater insight into black holes as well as explore constellations millions of light years away.**

## Table Of Contents

## How Does Quantum Computing Revolutionize Technology?

Quantum computers rely on the unusual behaviors of particles at both the atomic and subatomic levels to speed up computing processes. These quantum computers should excel at tasks like integer factorization and simulations and demonstrate great promise as applications in industries such as cybersecurity, manufacturing, and pharmaceuticals.

Quantum computers use qubits – bits which can either be 1 or 0 – to process data, and these qubits can exist in multiple states at the same time, enabling multiple calculations at once and giving quantum computers millions of times greater processing speeds than regular computers. They also deliver a range of potential answers instead of one single answer as traditional computers do, making them especially beneficial when dealing with large and complex datasets found in machine learning and artificial intelligence applications.

Up until recently, quantum computers provided tangible proof that they could outstrip traditional ones in speed by Google’s quantum computer completing a mathematical problem in 200 seconds that would have taken an ordinary supercomputer 10,000 years to solve. Since then, researchers have been striving to surpass that benchmark performance.

But in spite of all the hype, quantum computing remains in its infancy and may take decades before fully programmable quantum computers with enough computing power can compete with some of the most powerful supercomputers in terms of benchmarks set for themselves.

Reliability is also a primary consideration. As more qubits are added to a quantum computer, the higher its chance of decoherence – which destroys superposition and entanglement properties – increases. To prevent this happening again, scientists are working on increasing how long qubits stay in their quantum state as well as developing error correction algorithms to prevent these mistakes from recurring in the first place.

On this week’s episode of “The Tech Context,” we spoke with theoretical physicist Fernando Brandao and experimental physicist Oskar Painter about quantum computing’s current status and what may be possible in its future applications. Listen below or on Apple Podcasts, Stitcher, Spotify, or elsewhere to hear our discussion of what makes a quantum computer tick, its next steps of development, anticipated benefits, as well as any challenges yet unmet.

## Unleashing the Power of Quantum Mechanics

Many have heard about quantum computers and how they may solve problems that supercomputers cannot. But how exactly do they operate? In this episode, theoretical physicist Fernando Brandao and experimental physicist Oskar Painter discuss the current state and challenges facing quantum computing.

Quantum computers operate according to quantum mechanical principles, enabling an exponentially greater amount of information to be encoded than with classical digital computers. Their key feature is qubits – miniaturized bits that act like ordinary bits but simultaneously represent both zeroes and ones simultaneously. By combining both states together, qubits allow multiple calculations at once and thus enable faster computation than would otherwise be possible with classical computers.

Quantum computing offers tremendous advantages over its conventional counterpart, performing operations that would take thousands of years on a traditional computer in just seconds on one qubit – this fact alone highlights how quantum computing may transform our lives in so many ways.

Imagine you need to come up with a four-digit PIN. A classical computer would need to go through each number slot sequentially, eliminating possible answers until reaching the correct one. A quantum computer can take into account probability for all possibilities and perform calculations all at once – significantly cutting back the calculation required and saving you time in doing it!

Quantum computing’s versatility extends beyond simply modeling complex systems like photosynthesis and superconductivity; using quantum models, scientists can better comprehend underlying principles while creating more efficient technologies.

Quantum computers offer several advantages, yet come at a high cost. To maintain their quantum state, quantum computers require extremely cold temperatures — approximately -460 degrees Fahrenheit — so any vibrations or temperature shifts may lead to their qubits becoming disentangled from each other and disrupt their quantum state. Therefore, to maintain them successfully in operation, they should remain completely isolated from outside influences.

Physics researchers are making strides toward creating quantum computers despite their expense and difficulty, with University of Sussex physicist Jeremy Hensinger leading a team in February to publish proof-of-concept for a modular quantum computer. There is now a race underway to build these revolutionary machines, which could revolutionize many areas, from drug discovery and encryption cracking, financial transactions speed up significantly, and improving machine learning to improving drug discovery speed and accelerating drug discovery speeds.

## How Can Quantum Computing Revolutionize Technology?

Quantum computers, like Albert Einstein of electronic brains, can perform tasks that would be near-impossibly hard for any conventional computer to accomplish due to their ability to manipulate quantum bits – or qubits – more effectively than conventional ones can. While traditional computers use bits – electrical or optical pulses that represent one or zero – to store data, qubits allow many more possibilities and run through more combinations simultaneously than ever.

Quantum computing can be especially effective at solving real-world problems, such as developing new drugs or finding energy-efficient heating options for our homes. Furthermore, quantum computing is used to deepen our understanding of our environment – it speeds up Google searches due to being able to refine results faster than traditional computers; and is adept at cryptography (protecting sensitive information online with its hard to hack security measures).

However, using a quantum computer has its share of challenges. These include its high cost and complexity to construct, its need for special components and extensive cooling systems when operating, and its being subject to quantum error due to its qubit nature. Unfortunately, they are currently only accessible through large businesses or universities – creating a digital divide where those without the financial means to use quantum computing are at an advantage over those who can.

Quantum computers have the power to transform our world in many ways despite these obstacles. They’re particularly effective at solving optimization problems with many variables and potential solutions – calculations companies undertake such as cutting waste on production lines or scheduling delivery fleets more effectively. Quantum computers are also being used for developing materials for electric car batteries as well as developing more energy-efficient batteries themselves.

Scientists hope quantum computing will allow them to simulate more complicated systems, like chemical reactions or nuclear forces, more accurately. This could enable them to find more effective medicines or vaccines against diseases as well as create materials that are lighter and stronger than current materials.

## Can Quantum Computers Solve Complex Problems?

Quantum computers offer exponentially increasing computing power as more qubits, or quantum bits, are introduced – unlike classical computers, which only add bits by adding logic gates, thus restricting both their power and efficiency.

Quantum computers will require many qubits to rival the world’s leading supercomputers, but even simpler machines will still outstrip traditional computers in speed and help researchers address problems such as selecting optimal drug compounds or designing more energy-efficient batteries.

Scientists predict that quantum computers will make possible some types of tasks that would otherwise be infeasible on traditional computers, including analyzing complex molecular formations and solving optimization problems. Quantum computers could even crack existing cryptography techniques, allowing for safer ways of exchanging information securely.

Although quantum computers are exciting, there remain several barriers preventing their full potential from being realized. One such hurdle is qubits’ unruliness; thus requiring precise control in order to function successfully. As a result, most quantum computers must be kept at extremely cold temperatures in order to isolate qubits from outside interference and noise.

One major barrier is cost. Due to its complex nature and requirements for specialized skills across various fields like physics, computer science and electrical engineering, developing top-end quantum hardware is very costly. Major tech companies and government research labs are investing billions in quantum computing research while commercializing it remains slow process.

As quantum computing becomes a reality, businesses must start planning for its arrival and begin including it in their projections and preparations for this massive transformation. While quantum technology won’t replace classical computers entirely, it will make them better and cheaper while opening opportunities across fields like materials science, chemistry and even astronomy that could enable development of lighter batteries for electric cars and better drugs; and perhaps help solve mysteries such as how plants fix nitrogen or explore constellations millions of light years away.

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